To be protected from fire outbreak is among the most important safety measures that one should apply during the designing process of a gas and oil project. For such, it is a must to define the type of architectural outfitting that is needed and the fire rating it needs to have in accordance to the requirements of the project.
A fire rated wall is an architectural compound that compartmentalizes the structure to contain or slow down a fire. Every part of the said structure is divided into specific fire ratings and its walls should conform to the rating. Considering the risks that a specific compartment may pose, the rating should be identified accordingly.
Here are the different kinds of fire rated walls that could be applied to both oil and gas projects.
A traditional wall system is the one wherein the fire rated panels are being connected to one another and the primary construction is by welding. It is commonly used on structures in the gas and oil industry for a long period of time. One of its main characteristics is that it is fully-welded, heavy-weight, heavy-duty, and blast and fire resistant. Generally, it has an outside corrugated wall made of either stainless steel, duplex, or mild steel materials.
This one is considered as an unconventional way of modern wall system. The panels for this type of wall are connected and interconnected to the primary construction means of bolting. It is medium-weight, medium0duty, and fire and blast resistant. Since the wall is medium-weight, it has a faster time of installation and bigger cost savings. Another benefit is that no hot work is involved during the time of installation, making it appropriate for offshore applications.
The exterior of this wall is out of a coated stainless steel or mild steel and attached to the insulation system to guarantee its blast and fire resistance.
This wall system is a specialized polystyrene wall cladding system that has three layers. One is the thick core layer of low-average mechanical strength, density, and two metal faces. Its thick core is utilized for insulation against thermal, sound, and fire requirement and is made of mineral wood.
On the other hand, these two metal faces are made out of steel to offer firmness to the core and provide protection against environmental factors. These three layers are being connected to one another using specialized adhesives.
Sandwich walls are easy and fast to install and are lightweight. The total cost is reduced as a result of lesser installation time. These walls are also weather and gastight and has a great corrosion resistance.
So, these are the three types of fire rated walls that you will see in gas and oil projects. If you belong in this industry, be sure that you know which of these types is the right one for your project.